How Harmful Is UV Radiation For Humans?

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The prevalence of skin cancer has increased significantly over the past few years, particularly for Melanoma. The primary source of Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is sunlight. Based on the amount of energy they have, there are mainly three types of UV radiation UVA, UVB, and UVC. It is an essential first step of protection to understand the basics of UV radiation and how it damages your skin.

Facts, risks, and protection of UV

Epidemiological and clinical studies provide convincing evidence that UV exposure is a significant cause of skin cancer development. Findings also have shown that UV rays that damage the skin can also change a gene that suppresses tumors. Consequently, increasing the risk of developing skin cancer cells, which are damaged by the sunlight. Apart from skin cancer, some other health problems can be caused by exposure to UV. When the ultraviolet ray falls directly on the skin, the cells of the connective tissue below the skin brakes or damages.

As a result, the tightness of the skin gradually deteriorates. Premature aging and signs of sun damage such as wrinkles, coarse skin, and solar elastosis are among other risks. UV rays may also create eye issues like inflammation or burning of the cornea. Besides, UV radiation may weaken the immune system. This makes it difficult for the body to fight against bacteria, microbes, viruses, parasites (disease and infection). This can lead to the reactivation of herpes due to exposure to sunlight or other UV sources as well as reduce vaccine effectiveness.

Inflight UV Radiation exposure

In JAMA Dermatology online research letter, it was published that the aircraft’s windshield cannot wholly block UVA radiation. Therefore, airline pilots can be exposed to the same amount of UVA radiation as a tanning bed. When pilots are flying , the UVB radiation most relevant to sunburn is blocked by the windows of the airplane. But the UVA radiation is not. This means that UVA transmission inside planes can play a vital role in passengers, cabin crew and pilots increased risk of skin cancer.

Some people are susceptible to UV radiation’s harmful effects.  In spite of the risk factors, you can still enjoy the Sun by protecting your skin from UV rays. Either by use of Sun protection creme or  with UV Protective clothing.  Pilots should consider wearing UV Protection pilot shirts. Especially, long sleeve pilot shirts can protect them from UV radiation. Many companies are nowadays manufacturing UV-protective clothing like pilot uniform shirts. These types of sun-protective clothes may have a label listing the UV protection factor (UPF) value. The higher the UPF value, the less UV radiation enters the skin. As a consequence, the protection against inflammation of the skin and other harmful effects are higher.

4 Stripes GmbH Introduced the only Pilot shirt made from 100% cotton fabric with a UV protection factor (UPF) value of 50+.

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